- Elon Musk
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The IMPOA is an Extraterrestrial Organic Analyzer (EOA) that utilizes in situ instrumentation to enable compositional and chiral analysis of multiple classes of organic molecules with superb sensitivity (parts-per-trillion, pptr). Platforms have been developed for analysis of Martian regolith and drilling fines (Mars Organic Analyzer proposed to the Mars 2020 mission) and for analysis of Enceladus plume particles (Enceladus Organic Analyzer proposed as a Technology Demonstration Option for a Discovery mission). Here, we present an EOA in development under PICASSO funding to be capable of sustaining a 50,000 g impact with ice, and is therefore compatible with an impact penetrator mission to a Martian polar region or any icy moon of the outer solar system.